Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/12701
Authors: Bonforte, Alessandro* 
Guglielmino, Francesco* 
Puglisi, Giuseppe* 
Title: Large dyke intrusion and small eruption: The December 24, 2018 Mt. Etna eruption imaged by Sentinel‐1 data
Issue Date: Aug-2019
Series/Report no.: 4/31 (2019)
DOI: 10.1111/ter.12403
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/12701
Keywords: geodesy
eruption
modeling
volcano-tectonics
insar
deformation
Subject Classification04.08. Volcanology 
04.03. Geodesy 
Abstract: On December 24th, Mt. Etna volcano underwent a seismic crisis beneath the summit and upper southern flank of the volcano, accompanied by significant ash emission. Eruptive fissures opened at the base of summit craters, propagating SE‐wards. This lateral eruption lasted until December 27th. Despite the small eruption, seismic swarm and ground deformation were very strong. Sentinel‐1 interferograms show a wide and intense ground deformation with some additional features related to volcano‐tectonic structures. We inverted DInSAR data to characterise the magma intrusion. The resulting model indicates that a large dyke intruded but aborted its upraise at about the sea level; however, this big intrusion stretched the edifice, promoting the opening of the eruptive fissures fed by a shallower small dyke, and activating also several faults. This model highlights that a big intrusion beneath a structurally complex volcano represents a main issue even if the eruption is aborted.
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