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Authors: De Santis, Angelo* 
Marchetti, Dedalo* 
Spogli, Luca* 
Cianchini, Gianfranco* 
Pavón-Carrasco, F. Javier* 
De Franceschi, Giorgiana* 
Di Giovambattista, Rita* 
Perrone, Loredana* 
Qamili, Enkelejda* 
Cesaroni, Claudio* 
De Santis, Anna* 
Ippolito, Alessandro* 
Piscini, Alessandro* 
Campuzano, Saioa A.* 
Sabbagh, Dario* 
Amoruso, Leonardo* 
Carbone, Marianna* 
Santoro, Francesca* 
Abbattista, Cristoforo* 
Drimaco, Daniela* 
Title: Magnetic Field and Electron Density Data Analysis from Swarm Satellites Searching for Ionospheric Effects by Great Earthquakes: 12 Case Studies from 2014 to 2016
Issue Date: 2019
Series/Report no.: /10 (2019)
DOI: 10.3390/atmos10070371
Keywords: geomagnetic field
electron density
seismic precursors
strong and intermediate earthquakes
Swarm satellites
Abstract: We analyse Swarm satellite magnetic field and electron density data one month before and one month after 12 strong earthquakes that have occurred in the first 2.5 years of Swarm satellite mission lifetime in the Mediterranean region (magnitude M6.1+) or in the rest of the world (M6.7+). The search for anomalies was limited to the area centred at each earthquake epicentre and bounded by a circle that scales with magnitude according to the Dobrovolsky’s radius. We define the magnetic and electron density anomalies statistically in terms of specific thresholds with respect to the same statistical quantity along the whole residual satellite track (|geomagnetic latitude| ≤ 50°, quiet geomagnetic conditions). Once normalized by the analysed satellite tracks, the anomalies associated to all earthquakes resemble a linear dependence with earthquake magnitude, so supporting the statistical correlation with earthquakes and excluding a relationship by chance.
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