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Authors: Improta, Luigi* 
Latorre, Diana* 
Margheriti, Lucia* 
Nardi, Anna* 
Marchetti, Alessandro* 
Lombardi, Anna Maria* 
Castello, Barbara* 
Villani, Fabio* 
Ciaccio, Maria Grazia* 
Mele, Francesco Mariano* 
Moretti, Milena* 
Bollettino sismico Italiano Working Group* 
Title: Multi-segment rupture of the 2016 Amatrice-Visso-Norcia seismic sequence (central Italy) constrained by the first high-quality catalog of Early Aftershocks
Issue Date: 6-May-2019
Series/Report no.: /9 (2019)
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-43393-2
Keywords: 2016 Amatrice-Visso-Norcia seismic sequence (central Italy)
high-quality catalog of early Aftershocks
Subject Classification04.06. Seismology 
Abstract: We present the first high-quality catalog of early aftershocks of the three mainshocks of the 2016 central Italy Amatrice-Visso-Norcia normal faulting sequence. We located 10,574 manually picked aftershocks with a robust probabilistic, non-linear method achieving a significant improvement in the solution accuracy and magnitude completeness with respect to previous studies. Aftershock distribution and relocated mainshocks give insight into the complex architecture of major causative and subsidiary faults, thus providing crucial constraints on multi-segment rupture models. We document reactivation and kinematic inversion of a WNW-dipping listric structure, referable to the inherited Mts Sibillini Thrust (MST) that controlled segmentation of the causative normal faults. Spatial partitioning of aftershocks evidences that the MST lateral ramp had a dual control on rupture propagation, behaving as a barrier for the Amatrice and Visso mainshocks, and later as an asperity for the Norcia mainshock. We hypothesize that the Visso mainshock re-activated also the deep part of an optimally oriented preexisting thrust. Aftershock patterns reveal that the Amatrice Mw5.4 aftershock and the Norcia mainshock ruptured two distinct antithetic faults 3-4 km apart. Therefore, our results suggest to consider both the MST cross structure and the subsidiary antithetic fault in the finite-fault source modelling of the Norcia earthquake.
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