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Authors: Caputo, Teresa* 
Bellucci Sessa, Eliana* 
Silvestri, Malvina* 
Buongiorno, Maria Fabrizia* 
Musacchio, Massimo* 
Sansivero, Fabio* 
Vilardo, Giuseppe* 
Title: Surface Temperature Multiscale Monitoring by Thermal Infrared Satellite and Ground Images at Campi Flegrei Volcanic Area (Italy)
Issue Date: May-2019
Series/Report no.: /11(2019)
DOI: 10.3390/rs11091007
Keywords: land surface temperature
thermal infrared data
remote sensing multiscale monitoring
seasonality removal
Campi Flegrei
Subject Classification04.08. Volcanology
Abstract: Land Surface Temperature (LST) from satellite data is a key component in many aspects of environmental research. In volcanic areas, LST is used to detect ground thermal anomalies providing a supplementary tool to monitor the activity status of a particular volcano. In this work, we describe a procedure aimed at identifying spatial thermal anomalies in thermal infrared (TIR) satellite frames which are corrected for the seasonal influence by using TIR images from ground stations. The procedure was applied to the volcanic area of Campi Flegrei (Italy) using TIR ASTER and Landsat 8 satellite imagery and TIR ground images acquired from the Thermal Infrared volcanic surveillance Network (TIRNet) (INGV, Osservatorio Vesuviano). The continuous TIRNet time-series images were processed to evaluate the seasonal component which was used to correct the surface temperatures estimated by the satellite’s discrete data. The results showed a good correspondence between de-seasoned time series of surface ground temperatures and satellite temperatures. The seasonal correction of satellite surface temperatures allows monitoring of the surface thermal field to be extended to all the satellite frames, covering a wide portion of Campi Flegrei volcanic area.
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