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Authors: Serpelloni, Enrico* 
Pintori, Francesco* 
Gualandi, Adriano* 
Scoccimarro, Enrico* 
Cavaliere, Adriano* 
Anderlini, Letizia* 
Belardinelli, Maria Elina* 
Todesco, Micol* 
Title: Hydrologically Induced Karst Deformation: Insights From GPS Measurements in the Adria-Eurasia Plate Boundary Zone
Journal: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 
Series/Report no.: 5/123(2018)
Issue Date: 2018
DOI: 10.1002/2017JB015252
Abstract: We apply a blind source separation algorithm to the ground displacement time series recorded at continuous Global Positioning System (GPS) stations in the European Eastern Alps and Northern Dinarides. As a result, we characterize the temporal and spatial features of several deformation signals. Seasonal displacements are well described by loading effects caused by Earth surface mass redistributions. More interestingly, we highlight a horizontal, nonseasonal, transient deformation signal, with spatially variable amplitudes and directions. The stations affected by this signal reverse the sense of movement with time, implying a sequence of dilatational and compressional deformation that is oriented normal to rock fractures in karst areas. The temporal evolution of this deformation signal is correlated with the history of cumulated precipitations at monthly time scales. This transient horizontal deformation can be explained by pressure changes associated with variable water levels within vertical fractures in the vadose zones of karst systems. The water level changes required to open or close these fractures are consistent with the fluctuations of precipitation and with the dynamics of karst systems
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