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Authors: Cinti, Francesca Romana* 
Pauselli, C.* 
Livio, F.* 
Ercoli, M.* 
Brunori, Carlo Alberto* 
Ferrario, Maria Francesca* 
Volpe, R.* 
Civico, Riccardo* 
Pantosti, Daniela* 
Pinzi, Stefania* 
De Martini, Paolo Marco* 
Ventura, Guido* 
Alfonsi, Laura* 
Gambillara, R.* 
Michetti, Alessandro Maria* 
Title: Integrating multidisciplinary, multiscale geological and geophysical data to image the Castrovillari fault (Northern Calabria, Italy)
Journal: Geophysical Journal International 
Series/Report no.: /203 (2015)
Issue Date: 2015
DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggv404
Keywords: Image processing
Fractures and faults
Subject Classification04.04. Geology 
Abstract: The Castrovillari scarps (Cfs) are located in northern Calabria (Italy) and consist of three main WSW-dipping fault scarps resulting from multiple rupture events. At the surface, these scarps are defined by multiple breaks in slope. Despite its near-surface complexity, the faults likely merge to form a single normal fault at about 200 m depth, which we refer to as the Castrovillari fault. We present the results of a multidisciplinary and multiscale study at a selected site of the Cfs with the aim to (i) characterize the geometry at the surface and at depth and (ii) obtain constraints on the fault slip history. We investigate the site by merging data from quantitative geomorphological analyses, electrical resistivity and ground penetrating radar surveys, and palaeoseismological trenching along a ∼40 m high scarp. The closely spaced investigations allow us to reconstruct the shallow stratigraphy, define the fault locations, and measure the faulted stratigraphic offsets down to 20 m depth. Despite the varying resolutions, each of the adopted approaches suggests the presence of sub-parallel fault planes below the scarps at approximately the same location. The merged datasets permit the evaluation of the fault array (along strike for 220 m within a 370-m-wide zone). The main fault zone consists of two closely spaced NW–SE striking fault planes in the upper portion of the scarp slope and another fault at the scarp foot. The 3-D image of the fault surfaces shows west to southwest dipping planes with values between 70◦ and 80◦; the two closely spaced planes join at about 200 m below the surface. The 8-to-12-m-high upper fault, which shows the higher vertical displacements, accommodated most of the deformation during the Holocene. Results from the trenching analysis indicate a minimum slip per event of 0.6 m and a maximum short-term slip rate of 0.6 mm yr–1 for the Cf. The shallow subsurface imaging techniques are particularly helpful in evaluating the possible field uncertainties related to postfaulting modification by erosional/depositional/human processes, such as within stream valleys and urbanized zones.
Description: This article has been accepted for publication in Geophysical Journal International ©: The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
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