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Authors: Costanzo, Antonio* 
Falcone, Sergio* 
La Piana, Carmelo* 
Ruffolo, Silvestro Antonio* 
La Russa, Mauro Francesco* 
Musacchio, Massimo* 
Ebolese, Donatella* 
Title: Hyperspectral Survey Method to Detect the Titanium Dioxide Percentage in the Coatings Applied to the Cultural Heritage
Issue Date: 2018
Series/Report no.: /2 (2018)
DOI: 10.3390/ecsa-4-04912
Keywords: titanium dioxide; stone surfaces conservation; spectroradiometric sensor; hyperspectral material signatures; Cultural Heritage protection
Abstract: Nanotechnologies provide new materials for the consolidation and protection of the Cultural Heritage: innovative solutions are represented by ethyl silicate or silica nanoparticles dispersed in aqueous colloidal suspensions mixed to titanium dioxide in nanometric form. The challenge of this work is to provide a quick and non-invasive survey method able to evaluate the titanium dioxide amount in the coatings applied on the treated stones. In fact, the titanium dioxide weight percentage incorporate into the coating depends on both application phase and, over time, environmental biological and chemical conditions. In this paper, we show the preliminary results obtained by spectroradiometric survey carried out on marble samples coated through nanoparticle films. The coatings were prepared increasing weight percentage of the titanium dioxide from 0 w% to 8 w%. The data obtained through a field hyperspectral sensors shown spectral signatures depending on the content of titanium dioxide. In fact, the samples are characterized by different spectral shapes in the wavelength range 350–400 nm, especially. The results are useful to develop a procedure for checking the application phase of coatings on the tangible Cultural Heritage. Moreover, the same method can be used, also, both to analyze the effect of the nanoparticle product on the base stone, before its application, and to verify the efficiency of the coating, over time.
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