Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/12105
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.date.accessioned2019-01-28T10:55:31Zen
dc.date.available2019-01-28T10:55:31Zen
dc.date.issued2018-09en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/12105en
dc.description.abstractPublic awareness of science, public understanding of science, or more recently, Public Engagement with Science and Technology (PEST) are terms relating to the attitudes, behaviours, opinions, and activities that comprise the relations between the general public or lay society as a whole to scientific knowledge and organisation. It is a comparatively new approach to the task of exploring the multitude of relations and linkages science, technology, and innovation have among the general public. While earlier work in the discipline had focused on augmenting public knowledge of scientific topics, in line with the information deficit model of science communication , the discrediting of the model has led to an increased emphasis on how the public chooses to use scientific knowledge and on the development of interfaces to mediate between expert and lay understandings of an issue. To explore a particular aspect of these topics, we conducted a survey to assess the readability and comprehension of some scientific divulgation texts. First of all, we selected two texts of volcanological topics using the GULPEASE index. The Gulpease Index is an index of readability of a text calibrated on the Italian language. Compared to others, it has the advantage of using the word length in letters instead of syllables, simplifying the automatic calculation. Complementing the Gulpease index we considered the evaluation of the common vocabulary used in the text, or the 'notoriety' of the single terms used. For our survey we used one text with a medium-high Gulpease index (a dissemination text addressed to the elementary school), and one text with a medium-low Gulpease index (addressed to an audience with a medium-high education level). We created a questionnaire to assess the understanding and attitude of the public in relation to the texts of volcanological dissemination examined. In particular, we have investigated five dimensions: how the title is; how the text is; how the information contained in the text are, diffusion to other people; desire to deepen the topic of the text. In this paper, we present the results of the survey conducted in the early months of 2018, in collaboration with the students of the Peano scientific lyceum in Rome, as part of the alternating training project “Gulpease and beyond”. We think that this type of work should become a routine activity to bring scientific knowledge as close as possible to the life and choices of conscious citizens. Because citizens' decisions and choices play a fundamental role to reducing natural risks.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofCities on Volcanoes 10en
dc.subjectPublic awareness of scienceen
dc.subjectthe GULPEASE indexen
dc.titlePublic dissemination of science and its language: test and school reports to improve the mutual comprehension between scientists and peopleen
dc.typePoster sessionen
dc.description.statusUnpublisheden
dc.description.ConferenceLocationNapoli, Italiaen
dc.relation.referencesPietro Lucisano e Maria Emanuela Piemontese, GULPEASE: una formula per la predizione della difficoltà dei testi in lingua italiana, in Scuola e città, XXXIX, nº 3, 1988, p. 110-24. Tullio De Mauro, Guida all'uso delle parole, Roma, Editori Riuniti 1997 (XII ed.), pp 84-87en
dc.description.obiettivoSpecifico2TM. Divulgazione Scientificaen
dc.contributor.authorDe Astis, Gianfilippoen
dc.contributor.authorCrescimbene, Massimoen
dc.contributor.authorLa Longa, Federicaen
dc.contributor.departmentIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Roma1, Roma, Italiaen
dc.contributor.departmentIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Roma1, Roma, Italiaen
dc.contributor.departmentIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Roma1, Roma, Italiaen
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.openairetypePoster session-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.grantfulltextopen-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.languageiso639-1en-
crisitem.author.deptIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Roma1, Roma, Italia-
crisitem.author.deptIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Roma1, Roma, Italia-
crisitem.author.deptIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Roma1, Roma, Italia-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-3935-0070-
crisitem.author.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
crisitem.author.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
crisitem.author.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
Appears in Collections:Conference materials
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
Poster_Citiesonvolcanoes10.pdf1.58 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show simple item record

Page view(s)

10
Last Week
0
Last month
checked on May 27, 2019

Download(s)

5
checked on May 27, 2019

Google ScholarTM

Check