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Authors: Regi, Mauro* 
De Lauretis, M.* 
Redaelli, G.* 
Francia, P.* 
Title: ULF geomagnetic and polar cap potential signatures in the temperature and zonal wind reanalysis data in Antarctica
Issue Date: 2016
Series/Report no.: /121 (2016)
DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022104
Abstract: In the present study we investigated the possible coupling between geomagnetic activity and the low atmosphere dynamics in the polar cap. We compared daily values of the ERA-Interim temperature and zonal wind over Antarctica, with the daily geomagnetic ULF power, in the Pc5 (1–7 mHz), Pc1, and Pc2 (100 mHz–1 Hz) frequency ranges, at Terra Nova Bay (Antarctica, corrected geomagnetic latitude λ ~ 80°S) and with solar wind data during 2007, in correspondence to the last declining phase of the solar cycle 23. We found a high and statistically significant correspondence of temperature and zonal wind fluctuations in the stratosphere and troposphere with geomagnetic ULF power fluctuations at the ~27 day periodicity, with a substantial reduction at the tropopause height. A similar, clear relationship between the meteorological parameters and the polar cap potential difference was also observed. The results suggest that the changes in the atmospheric conductivity, due to energetic electrons precipitation driven by the ULF waves, as well as the high latitude potential variations, both associated to high geomagnetic activity, can affect the atmospheric dynamics.
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