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Authors: D'Angelo, Giulia* 
Piersanti, Mirko* 
Alfonsi, Lucilla* 
Spogli, Luca* 
Clausen, Lasse Boy Novock* 
Coco, Igino* 
Li, Guozhu* 
Baiqi, Ning* 
Title: The response of high latitude ionosphere to the 2015 St. Patrick’s day storm from in situ and ground based observations
Issue Date: Aug-2018
Series/Report no.: /62 (2018)
DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2018.05.005
Keywords: High-latitude ionosphere Ionospheric irregularities GNSS scintillations Multi-instrumental observations Ionospheric dynamics Interhemispheric study
Subject Classificationhigh latitude ionosphere
Abstract: The storm onset of the so-called “St. Patrick’s day geomagnetic storm”, on March 17th, 2015 triggered several fluctuations of the electron density in the ionosphere causing severe scintillations at high latitudes of both hemispheres. Leveraging on ground-based Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) receivers we investigate the ionospheric response to the main phase of the most intense storm of the current solar cycle, in terms of phase scintillations on L-band signals recorded simultaneously in Antarctica and in the Arctic. In detail, we analyse phase scintillation index (σϕ) data from Eureka (79.99°N, 274.10°E), Concordia (75.10°S, 123.35°E), Resolute Bay (74.75°N, 265.00°E), Mario Zucchelli (74.41°S, 164.10°E), Ny-Ålesund (78.92°N, 11.98°E) and Zhongshan (69.37°S, 76.37°E) stations. Furthermore, by using ancillary data obtained from in-situ and ground-based observations, we investigate the origin and the evolution of the ionospheric irregularities causing scintillations, reconstructing the ionospheric background in which such irregularities formed and moved. The multi-instrumental approach used in this work allows identifying the Antarctic ionosphere as the most responsive to the solar perturbation driving the storm. Our study reveals how the in-situ electron density data can be used to reconstruct the picture of the ionospheric dynamics, both locally and globally. Finally, our results identify the important role played by particles precipitation in triggering the observed scintillations.
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