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Authors: Porfido, Sabina* 
Alessio, Giuliana* 
Gaudiosi, Germana* 
Nappi, Rosa* 
Spiga, Efisio* 
Title: The resilience of some villages 36 years after the Irpinia-Basilicata (Southern Italy) 1980 earthquake.
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Springer International Publishing AG 2017
ISBN: 978-3-319-53483-1
Keywords: 1980 Irpinia-Basilicata earthquake, Landslides, Resilience
Abstract: The aim of this study is to describe the modifications of the built environment that have occurred in 36 years following the Irpinia-Basilicata, 1980 earthquake. In particular, especially in the villages of the epicentral area, changes in the urban and territorial setting have been examined, as well as the consequences of ground effects that have influenced the choices of reconstruction, both in situ, and far from the original historical centers. The November 23, 1980 Irpinia–Basilicata earthquake (Mw = 6.9; Io = X MCS; Io = X ESI-07), killing 3000 people, hit 800 localities over a large area of Southern Italy; 75,000 houses totally collapsed and 275,000 were badly damaged. The earthquake induced primary and secondary environmental effects, over all slope movements. The total amount of surface faulting was 40 km in length with the maximum displacement of 100 cm; the total area affected by slope movements was estimated to be about 7400 km2, with 200 landslides classified. One of the largest landslides damaged Calitri village, in Avellino province. We have examined, as case histories, the reconstruction of Calitri and San Mango sul Calore villages, that were affected by severe landslides and were rebuilt in situ; we have also studied Conza della Campania that was reconstructed far from the original location. In the so-called Anthropocene age, the role of technical experts both in the built environment and in the social and ethical context is extremely important, for rebuilding the villages destroyed by earthquakes, especially in respect of the people resilience.
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