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Authors: Conte, Aida Maria* 
Cuccuru, Stefano* 
D’Antonio, Massimo* 
Naitza, Stefano* 
Oggiano, Giacomo* 
Secchi, Francesco* 
Casini, Leonardo* 
Cifelli, Francesca* 
Title: The post-collisional late Variscan ferroan granites of southern Sardinia (Italy): Inferences for inhomogeneity of lower crust
Issue Date: Dec-2017
Series/Report no.: /294-295(2017)
DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2017.09.028
Abstract: The post-collisional late Variscan magmatism of Sardinia-Corsica batholith attained a peak at about 290 Ma. In southern Sardinia, in the frontal part of the Variscan orogenic wedge, this magmatism is represented by three suites of granitoids, here defined as GS1, GS2 and GS3. GS1, GS2 and GS3 are slightly peraluminous and F-bearing granitoids; GS1 and GS3 granites show in addition a ferroan character, whereas GS2 rocks range from magnesian to ferroan, from granodiorites to leucogranites. From magnetic susceptibility data, GS1 and GS2 belong to the ilmenite series, whereas GS3 is a slightly oxidized rock-suite plotting on the ilmenite/magnetite series boundary. Each rock-suite shows distinctive characters, in terms of petrography, petrochemistry, rock associations, as well as metallogenic signature of the related fluids. The distinction among rock-suite types is made on the basis of both mafic and characteristic accessory minerals. Siderophyllitic dark mica as the only mafic phase, and accessory xenotime (Y) characterize the GS1 rocks; GS2 mineral associations include biotite ± hornblende + allanite + magnetite; GS3 rocks show an association of hastingsite + annite + allanite + magnetite. Chemical variations in the studied samples suggest different magmatic evolution of independent magmas. Pb, Sr and Nd isotopic data constrain the origin of magmas to lower crustal sources. Chemical composition of rocks and dark micas meet those of liquids experimentally obtained by low degrees of partial melting of different meta-igneous deep crustal sources, felsic for GS1 rock-types and more mafic for GS3 rock-types. GS1 intrusions show granophile-type (Sn-W-Mo) metallogenic signatures, very low magnetic susceptibility, and Nd model ages (referred to the Depleted Mantle - TDM) of 2.3 Ga, coherent with a possible derivation from an old (early Proterozoic-Neoarchean), reduced and weathered basement, tectonically buried under Variscan covers. A definite deep crustal inhomogeneity is mirrored by GS3 granites, whose compositional and isotopic features indicate a younger (Nd model age: 1.6 Ga) tonalitic amphibolite source. Overall, the peculiarities of the studied granitoids suggest further compositional differences in the deep crust between southern and northern portion of the Sardinia-Corsica Variscan transect. Late Variscan lithospheric delamination appears as the most reliable mechanism that may have determined the high thermal regime that triggered partial melting of the crust. The close field association, at 290 Ma, of tholeiitic dike swarms and ferroan granitoids, supports this inference.
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