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Authors: Mazzeo, F. C.* 
Zanetti, A.* 
Aulinas, M.* 
Petrosino, P.* 
Arienzo, Ilenia* 
D'Antonio, M.* 
Title: Evidence for an intra-oceanic affinity of the serpentinized peridotites from the Mt. Pollino ophiolites (Southern Ligurian Tethys): Insights into the peculiar tectonic evolution of the Southern Apennines
Issue Date: Jul-2017
Series/Report no.: /284-285 (2017)
DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2017.04.019
Abstract: A detailed petrochemical investigation of the peridotites from the Mt. Pollino area (Basilicata, Southern Italy) allowed to provide the first comprehensive reconstruction of the evolution and geodynamic setting of ophiolitic mantle from the Southern Apennines. These mantle peridotites firstly acquired strongly-refractory modal and chemical compositions consistent with large degrees of partial melting (≥ 23%). This process was presumably assisted by concomitant injection of melt increments rising from deeper levels of the mantle column, as suggested by relatively large Al and Fe contents of Ol, Opx and Sp. The porous flow ascent of melt increments produced by deeper near-fractional melting continued after the end of the partial melting, as recorded by precipitation of disseminated clinopyroxene out of thermal and chemical equilibrium with the other rock-forming minerals. The Pollino mantle sequence locally experienced reheating associated to a new episode of porous flow migration of melts with REE composition approaching that of N-MORB. The petrological evolution recorded by the peridotites of Mt. Pollino, their high equilibrium T (up to 1100 °C) and the absence of pyroxenites show remarkable analogies with modern abyssal peridotites, pointing to an intra-oceanic setting of the Jurassic Ligurian Tethys for this mantle sequence. According to the present knowledge about the Southern Apennines, the abyssal-like peridotites with the associated terrigenous sediments and continental crustal rocks were incorporated in the Ligurian Accretionary Complex and reached HP/LT conditions during a subduction event starting in Upper Oligocene, to be later exhumed in the Tortonian. The results of this study strongly support the existence of significant differences in terms of geodynamic evolution between Southern and Northern Apennines.
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