Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/11821
Authors: Sparice, Domenico* 
Scarpati, Claudio* 
Mazzeo, Fabio Carmine* 
Petrosino, Paola* 
Arienzo, Ilenia* 
Gisbert, Guillem* 
Petrelli, Maurizio* 
Title: New proximal tephras at Somma-Vesuvius: evidences of a pre-caldera, large (?) explosive eruption
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2017
Series/Report no.: /335 (2017)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.02.004
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/11821
Abstract: A ~ 5 m thick pyroclastic and volcaniclastic sequence, never reported before, comprising a pumice fall deposit has been recognized in a disused quarry near Pollena Trocchia, on the NW slope of Somma-Vesuvius. It is composed of three stratigraphic units: a pumice fall deposit that underlies a pyroclastic density current deposit; they are overlain by a volcaniclastic unit emplaced during a quiescent period of the volcano. The pyroclastic deposits are separated by a horizon of reworked material indicating the emplacement from two distinct eruptive events. The pumice fall deposit has been subject of a detailed investigation. It consists of an ash bed overlaid by a roughly stratified pumice fall layer. The presence of ballistic clasts indicates the proximal nature of this deposit and its stratigraphic position below the Pomici di Base (22 ka) Plinian deposit allows constraining its age to the pre-caldera period (22–39 ky) of activity of Somma-Vesuvius. Samples have been collected in order to perform sedimentological (grain size and componentry), geochemical and isotopic analyses. Samples range from moderately to poorly sorted and show a trachytic composition. The comparison with literature data of compatible deposits vented from Somma-Vesuvius (Schiava, Taurano and Codola eruptions as well as borehole data) allows excluding any correlation with already known Vesuvian products suggesting that the analysed products are ascribable to a new, pre-caldera, explosive eruption. We name this new event “Carcavone eruption”. Based on thickness, maximum lithic clasts and orientation of impact sags, showing a provenance from SE, we envisage the emplacement from a Plinian style eruption vented in the northern sector of the current caldera.
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