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Authors: Trippetta, F.* 
Carpenter, B. M.* 
Mollo, Silvio* 
Scuderi, M. M.* 
Scarlato, Piergiorgio* 
Collettini, Cristiano* 
Title: Physical and Transport Property Variations Within Carbonate-Bearing Fault Zones: Insights From the Monte Maggio Fault (Central Italy)
Journal: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 
Series/Report no.: /18 (2017)
Issue Date: 16-Nov-2017
DOI: 10.1002/2017GC007097
Abstract: he physical characterization of carbonate-bearing normal faults is fundamental for resourcedevelopment and seismic hazard. Here we report laboratory measurements of density, porosity, Vp, Vs,elastic moduli, and permeability for a range of effective confining pressures (0.1–100 MPa), conducted onsamples representing different structural domains of a carbonate-bearing fault. We find a reduction inporosity from the fault breccia (11.7% total and 6.2% connected) to the main fault plane (9% total and 3.5%connected), with both domains showing higher porosity compared to the protolith (6.8% total and 1.1%connected). With increasing confining pressure, P wave velocity evolves from 4.5 to 5.9 km/s in the faultbreccia, is constant at 5.9 km/s approaching the fault plane and is low (4.9 km/s) in clay-rich fault domains.We find that while the fault breccia shows pressure sensitive behavior (a reduction in permeability from 2 310216to 2 3 10217m2), the cemented cataclasite close to the fault plane is characterized by pressure-independent behavior (permeability 4 3 10217m2). Our results indicate that the deformation processesoccurring within the different fault structural domains influence the physical and transport properties of thefault zone. In situ Vpprofiles match well the laboratory measurements demonstrating that laboratory dataare valuable for implications at larger scale. Combining the experimental values of elastic moduli and fric-tional properties it results that at shallow crustal levels, M  1 earthquakes are less favored, in agreementwith earthquake-depth distribution during the L’Aquila 2009 seismic sequence that occurred on carbonates.
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