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Authors: Indelicato, Serena* 
Orecchio, Santino* 
Avellone, Giuseppe* 
Bellomo, Sergio* 
Ceraulo, Leopoldo* 
Di Leonardo, Rossella* 
Di Stefano, Vita* 
Favara, Rocco* 
Gagliano Candela, Esterina* 
La Pica, Leonardo* 
Morici, Sabina* 
Pecoraino, Giovannella* 
Pisciotta, Antonino* 
Scaletta, Claudio* 
Vita, Fabio* 
Vizzini, Salvatrice* 
Bongiorno, David* 
Title: Effect of solid waste landfill organic pollutants on groundwater in three areas of Sicily (Italy) characterized by different vulnerability
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2017
Series/Report no.: /24 (2017)
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-9198-8
Abstract: The aim of this study was to obtain information on the presence and levels of hazardous organic pollutants in groundwater located close to solid waste landfills. Eighty-two environmental contaminants, including 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), 20 volatile organic compounds (VOCs), 29 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 7 dioxins (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, PCDDs) and 10 furans (polychlorinated dibenzofurans, PCDFs) were monitored in areas characterised by different geological environments surrounding three municipal solid waste landfills (Palermo, Siculiana and Ragusa) in Sicily (Italy) in three sampling campaigns. The total concentrations of the 16 PAHs were always below the legal threshold. Overall, the Fl/Fl + Py diagnostic ratio revealed that PAHs had a petrogenic origin. VOC levels, except for two notable exceptions near Palermo landfill, were always below the legal limit. As concerns PCB levels, several samples were found positive with levels exceeding the legal limits. It is worth noting that the % PCB distribution differs from that of commercial compositions. In parallel, some samples of groundwater containing PCDDs and PCDFs exceeding the legal threshold were also found. Among the 17 congeners monitored, the most abundant were the highest molecular weight ones.
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