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Authors: Ruiz Rosales, Santiago* 
Sharma, N.* 
Convertito, Vincenzo* 
Zollo, Aldo* 
Benito, E.* 
Title: Temporal evolution of a seismic sequence induced by a gas injection in the Eastern coast of Spain
Journal: Scientific reports 
Series/Report no.: /7 (2017)
Issue Date: 6-Jun-2017
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-02773-2
Subject ClassificationInduced seismicity
Abstract: Induced seismicity associated with energy production is becoming an increasingly important issue worldwide for the hazard it poses to the exposed population and structures. We analyze one of the rare cases of induced seismicity associated with the underwater gas storage operations observed in the Castor platform, located in the Valencia gulf, east Spain, near a complex and important geological structure. In September 2013, some gas injection operations started at Castor, producing a series of seismic events around the reservoir area. The larger magnitude events (up to 4.2) took place some days after the end of the injection, with EMS intensities in coastal towns up to degree III. In this work, the seismic sequence is analyzed with the aim of detecting changes in statistical parameters describing the earthquake occurrence before and after the injection and identifying possible proxies to be used for monitoring the sequence evolution. Moreover, we explore the potential predictability of these statistical parameters which can be used to control the field operations in injection/storage fluid reservoirs. We firstly perform a retrospective approach and next a perspective analysis. We use different techniques for estimating the value of the expected maximum magnitude that can occur due to antropogenic activities in Castor.
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