Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/11514
Authors: Serra, Marcello* 
Festa, Gaetano* 
Vassallo, Maurizio* 
Zollo, Aldo* 
Quattrone, Antonino* 
Ceravolo, Rosario* 
Title: Damage detection in elastic properties of masonry bridges using coda wave interferometry
Issue Date: Oct-2017
Series/Report no.: /24 (2017)
DOI: 10.1002/stc.1976
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/11514
Keywords: bridge
damage
elastic waves
health monitoring
interferometry
Subject Classification04.06. Seismology 
Abstract: Structures may be subjected to damage and deterioration over different timescales, and monitoring their health status may allow to perform maintenance actions before the functionality limit is reached. Masonry arch bridges, in particular, are sensitive to the bearings loss produced by scour of the streambed soil at the pier foundations. In this study, we measured the changes in the elastic properties of a 1:2 scaled model of a masonry arch bridge built in the laboratory to study the evolution of the damage mechanism related to the application of foundation movements. Specifically, the bridge is realized to model the effect of erosion of the ground underneath the central pier. We analysed the accelerometric records acquired along the structure generated by a sledgehammer hitting the bridge walls. We used the method of coda wave interferometry to detect the changes in the elastic properties of the medium. After selecting the specific frequency band exciting coda waves, we progressively measured the time lag between signals acquired in the intact and two damaged stages of the bridge for each source–receiver couple, and we fit the data to get the relative wave velocity changes. We found that the average relative velocity changes for the two damaged steps are Δv/v = −5.08 ± 0.08% and Δv/v = −8.2 ± 0.6%, consistently measured at all the analysed source–receiver couples. These values correspond to an average estimation of the velocity changes occurred within the structure, because the associated wavelengths are comparable with the bridge size and the damage is spread over a large portion of the structure.
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