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Authors: Bonomo, S.* 
Cascella, Antonio* 
Alberico, I.* 
Sorgato, S.* 
Pelosi, N.* 
Ferraro, L.* 
Lirer, F.* 
Vallefuoco, M.* 
Bellucci, L.* 
Agnini, C.* 
Pappone, G.* 
Title: Reworked Coccoliths as runoff proxy for the last 400 years: The case of Gaeta Gulf (central Tyrrhenian Sea, Central Italy)
Journal: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 
Series/Report no.: /459 (2016)
Issue Date: 2016
DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.06.037
Subject Classificationreworked coccoliths as runoff proxy
Abstract: We present the results of a high resolution study carried out on a shallow water sediment core, recovered in the central Tyrrhenian Sea to reconstruct the runoff story of the catchment basin of Volturno and Garigliano rivers (Gulf of Gaeta, Italy), over the past ~400years. We compared the abundance distribution pattern of Reworked Coccoliths to the surface runoff model simulation for the Volturno and Garigliano rivers hydrographic basins, the Global Historical Climatology Network index, the Palmer drought severity index, the Tevere river discharge anomaly, the summer average rainfall of the Southern Italy and the North Atlantic Oscillation reconstructed signal. This comparison suggested that the biotic signal of the Reworked Coccoliths may be used to detect climatic events from local to “global” scale. The calcareous nannofossil assemblages as well as their diversity index are modulated by oscillation in solar activity, where minima in solar activity correspond to minima calcareous nannofossil diversity and viceversa. In particular, the antiphase correlation between the abundance of Reworked Coccoliths and the North Atlantic Oscillation index, which modulates the winter precipitation, suggests that this biotic index could be used as a reliable proxy to reconstruct the variations in the hydrographic basin runoff of the Volturno and Garigliano rivers. In addition, power spectral and wavelet analysis carried out on both signals documented the occurrence of climatic cycles of the duration of about 95yr. From 1900 AD upwards, a turnover in the periodicity from 95yr climatic cycles to 22-26 yr cycles occurred in the Reworked Coccoliths signal, suggesting a strong control of solar forcing (Hale cycle) over the last century.
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