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Authors: Iannaccone, Giovanni* 
Guardato, Sergio* 
Donnarumma, Gian Paolo* 
De Martino, Prospero* 
Dolce, Mario* 
Macedonio, Giovanni* 
Chierici, Francesco* 
Beranzoli, Laura* 
Title: Measurement of Seafloor Deformation in the Marine Sector of the Campi Flegrei Caldera (Italy)
Issue Date: 2018
Series/Report no.: /123 (2018)
DOI: 10.1002/2017JB014852
Abstract: We present an assessment of vertical seafloor deformation in the shallow marine sector of the Campi Flegrei caldera (southern Italy) obtained from GPS and bottom pressure recorder (BPR) data, acquired over the period April 2016 to July 2017 in the Gulf of Pozzuoli by a new marine infrastructure, MEDUSA. This infrastructure consists of four fixed buoys with GPS receivers; each buoy is connected by cable to a seafloor multisensor module hosting a BPR. The measured maximum vertical uplift of the seafloor is about 4.2 ± 0.4 cm. The MEDUSA data were then compared to the expected vertical displacement in the marine sector according to a Mogi model point source computed using only GPS land measurements. The results show that a single point source model of deformation is able to explain both the GPS land and seafloor data. Moreover, we demonstrate that a network of permanent GPS buoys represents a powerful tool to measure the seafloor vertical deformation field in shallow water. The performance of this system is comparable to on-land high-precision GPS networks, marking a significant achievement and advance in seafloor geodesy and extending volcano monitoring capabilities to shallow offshore areas (up to 100 m depth). The GPS measurements of MEDUSA have also been used to confirm that the BPR data provide an independent measure of the seafloor vertical uplift in shallow water.
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