Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Authors: Bottari, Carla* 
Aringoli, D.* 
Carluccio, Roberto* 
Castellano, Corrado* 
D'Ajello Caracciolo, Francesca* 
Gasperini, M.* 
Materazzi, M.* 
Nicolosi, Iacopo* 
Pambianchi, G.* 
Pieruccini, P.* 
Sepe, Vincenzo* 
Urbini, Stefano* 
Varazi, F.* 
Title: Geomorphological and geophysical investigations for the characterization of the Roman Carsulae site (Tiber basin, Central Italy)
Issue Date: 2017
Series/Report no.: /143(2017)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2017.03.021
Abstract: This paper aims to bring to light the possible linkage between karstic phenomena and the human occupation of the Roman site of Carsulae (Tiber basin, Central Italy). Dolines are a typical morphological expression of karst rocks' dissolution and collapse and, usually, they represent a potential hazard for human activities and, in particular, in the care and maintenance of cultural heritage sites. In this study, we observed that the development of a subsidence doline caused severe damage to some archaeological structures at the Carsulaemonumental site. According to the results obtained in our investigation, three sites at least with karst dissolution phenomena in the shallow calcareous tufa layer have been identified. One of them subsided probably in Roman times and produced a sharp deformation of the decumanus. In order to understand the evolution of this territory an integrated geomorphological and geophysical survey was carried out. The combination between the information derived from different geophysical techniques, such as: Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT), Frequency-Domain Electromagnetism (FDEM), and Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) clearly pointed out that the calcareous tufa layer is characterized by an irregular geometry and this resulted in the investigated area being affected by karst dissolution in several parts. Four boreholes opportunely located, provided direct information about the depth and the alteration of the calcareous tufa basement and precious calibration data for the geophysical methods. This study contributes to improving our knowledge on the evolution of the Carsulae archaeological site providing a new insight into the adaptation of ancient human societies in this problematic territory.
Appears in Collections:Papers Published / Papers in press

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Carsulae_JAG 2017.pdf3.78 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show full item record

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
checked on Nov 15, 2018


checked on Nov 15, 2018

Google ScholarTM