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Authors: Patanè, Domenico* 
Barberi, Graziella* 
De Gori, Pasquale* 
Cocina, Ornella* 
Zuccarello, Luciano* 
García-Yeguas, A.* 
Castellano, Mario* 
D'Alessandro, Antonino* 
Sgroi, Tiziana* 
Title: The shallow magma chamber of Stromboli Volcano (Italy)
Issue Date: 3-Jul-2017
Series/Report no.: /44 (2017)
DOI: 10.1002/2017GL073008
Abstract: In this work, we integrate artificial and natural seismic sources data to obtain high-resolution images of the shallow inner structure of Stromboli Volcano. Overall, we used a total of 21,953 P readings from an active seismic experiment and an additional 2731 P and 992 S readings deriving from 269 local events. The well-defined Vp, Vs, and Vp/Vs tomograms have highlighted the following: (i) the region where magma cumulates at shallow depths (2–4 km below sea level (bsl)), forming an elongated NE-SW high-velocity body (Vp ≥ 6.0 km/s and Vs ≥ 3.5 km/s), with a very fast velocity core (6.5 ≤ Vp < 7.0 km/s) of ~2 km3; (ii) the presence of some near-vertical pipe-like structures, characterized by relatively high P velocities values, mainly linked to past activity (e.g., Strombolicchio); and (iii) a near-vertical pipe-like volume with high Vp/Vs (1.78 ÷ 1.85), located beneath to the craters (down to ~1.0 km bsl), overlying a deeper region (1.0 to 3.0 km bsl) with low Vp/Vs (1.64 ÷ 1.69), interpreted as the actual and preferential pathway of magma toward the surface. Our results demonstrate the importance of combining passive and active seismic data to improve, in a tomographic inversion, the resolution of the volcanic structures and to discover where magma may be stored.
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