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Authors: Gennaro, Mimma Emanuela* 
Grassa, Fausto* 
Martelli, Mauro* 
Renzulli, Alberto* 
Rizzo, Andrea Luca* 
Title: Carbon isotope composition of CO2-rich inclusions in cumulate-forming mantle minerals from Stromboli volcano (Italy)
Issue Date: 4-Apr-2017
Series/Report no.: /346 (2017)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.04.001
Keywords: Stromboli volcano
Ultramafic cumulates
Fluid inclusions
Subject Classification04.08. Volcanology 
Abstract: We report on measurements of concentration and carbon isotope composition (δ13CCO2) of CO2 trapped in fluid inclusions of olivine and clinopyroxene crystals separated from San Bartolo ultramafic cumulate Xenoliths (SBX) formed at mantle depth (i.e., beneath a shallow Moho supposed to be at 14.8 km). These cumulates, erupted about 2 ka ago at Stromboli volcano (Italy), have been already investigated by Martelli et al. (2014) mainly for Sr-Nd isotopes and for their noble gases geochemistry. The concentration of CO2 varies of one order of magnitude from 3.8·10−8 mol g−1 to 4.8·10−7 mol g−1, with δ13C values between −2.8‰ and −1.5‰ vs V-PDB. These values overlap the range of measurements performed in the crater gases emitted at Stromboli (−2.5‰ b δ13CCO2 b −1.0‰). Since SBX formed from relatively primitive mantle-derived basic magmas, we argue that the isotope composition displayed by fluid inclusions and surface gases can be considered representative of the magma volatile imprinting released by partial melting of the mantle source beneath Stromboli (−2.8‰ b δ13C b−1.0‰). In addition, the δ13C signature of CO2 is not significantly modified by fractionation due to magmatic degassing or intracrustal contamination processes owing tomagma ascent and residence within the volcano plumbing system. Such δ13C values are higher than those commonly reported for MORB-like upper mantle (−8÷−4‰) and likely reflect the source contamination of the localmantlewedge by CO2 coming from the decarbonation of the sediments carried by the subducting Ionian slabwith a contribution of organic carbon up to 7%.
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