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Authors: D'Alessandro, Walter* 
Yüce, Galip* 
Italiano, Francesco* 
Bellomo, Sergio* 
Gülbay, Ahmet H.* 
Yasin, Didem U.* 
Gagliano, Antonina Lisa* 
Title: Large compositional differences in the gases released from the Kizildag ophiolitic body (Turkey): Evidences of prevailingly abiogenic origin
Issue Date: Jan-2018
Series/Report no.: /89 (2018)
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2016.12.017
Keywords: Gas geochemistry
Abiogenic methane
Stable isotopes
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth
Abstract: We investigated the geochemical features of the gases released from the Kizildag ophiolitic complex (Hatay, Turkey). Twenty-three samples both dissolved in hyperalkaline waters and free gases (bubbling gases and dry seeps) were collected. Samples were analysed for their chemical (He, H2, O2, N2, CH4 and CO2) and isotopic (He, d13C-CH4, d2H-CH4, d2H-H2) composition including the content and C-isotopic composition of C2 to C5 alkanes in free gases. Analytical results evidence H2 production through low temperature (<80 C) serpentinization processes and subsequent abiogenic CH4 production through Fischer-Tropsch-type reactions. In some sample small additions of methane either of microbial or of thermogenic origin can be hypothesized. At one of the sites (Kisecik) a clear fractionation pattern due to microbial methane oxidation leading to strongly enriched isotopic values (d13C þ15‰ and d2H 68‰) and depletion in methane concentrations has been evidenced. At the dry gas seep of Kurtbagi methane flux measurements have been made and a preliminary output estimation of about 1000 kg per year has been obtained.
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