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Authors: Robidoux, Philippe* 
Rotolo, Silvio Giuseppe* 
Aiuppa, A.* 
Lanzo, Giovanni* 
Hauri, Erik* 
Title: Geochemistry and volatile content of magmas feeding explosive eruptions at Telica volcano (Nicaragua)
Issue Date: 15-Jul-2017
Series/Report no.: /341 (2017)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.05.007
Keywords: Telica, Nicaragua
Subject Classification04.08. Volcanology 
Abstract: Telica volcano, in north-west Nicaragua, is a young stratovolcano of intermediate magma composition producing frequent Vulcanian to phreatic explosive eruptions. The Telica stratigraphic record also includes examples of (pre)historic sub-Plinian activity. To refine our knowledge of this very active volcano, weanalyzedmajor element composition and volatile content of melt inclusions fromsomestratigraphically significant Telica tephra deposits. These include: (1) the Scoria Telica Superior (STS) deposit (2000 to 200 years Before Present; Volcanic Explosive Index, VEI, of 2–3) and (2) pyroclasts from the post-1970s eruptive cycle (1982; 2011). Based on measurements with nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry, olivine-hosted (forsterite [Fo] N 80) glass inclusions fall into 2 distinct clusters: a group of H2O-rich (1.8–5.2 wt%) inclusions, similar to those of nearby Cerro Negro volcano, and a second group of CO2-rich (360–1700 μg/g CO2) inclusions (Nejapa, Granada). Model calculations show that CO2 dominates the equilibrium magmatic vapor phase in the majority of the primitive inclusions (XCO2 N 0.62–0.95). CO2, sulfur (generally b2000 μg/g) and H2O are lost to the vapor phase during deep decompression (P N 400 MPa) and early crystallization of magmas. Chlorine exhibits a wide concentration range (400–2300 μg/g) in primitive olivine-entrapped melts (likely suggesting variable source heterogeneity) and is typically enriched in the most differentiated melts (1000–3000 μg/g). Primitive, volatile-rich olivine-hosted melt inclusions (entrapment pressures, 5–15 km depth) are exclusively found in the largest-scale Telica eruptions (exemplified by STS in our study). These eruptions are thus tentatively explained as due to injection of deep CO2-rich mafic magma into the shallow crustal plumbing system. More recent (post-1970), milder (VEI 1–2) eruptions, instead, do only exhibit evidence for low-pressure (P b 50–60 MPa), volatile-poor (H2O b 0.3–1.7 wt%; CO2 b 23–308 μg/g) magmatic conditions. These are manifested as andesitic magmas, recording multiple magma mixing events, in pyroxene inclusions.Wepropose that post-1970s eruptions are possibly related to the high viscosity of resident magma in shallow plumbing system (b2.4 km), due to crystallization and degassing
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