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Authors: Sousa Oliveria, C.* 
Amaral Ferreira, M.* 
Lopez, M.* 
Sousa Silva, D.* 
Musacchio, G.* 
Rupakhety, R.* 
Falsaperla, S.* 
Meroni, F.* 
Langer, H.* 
the KnowRISK Team* 
Title: The KnowRISK project - Know your city, Reduce seISmic risK through non-structural elements
Issue Date: Apr-2016
Publisher: Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 18, EGU2016-5807-1, 2016
Keywords: earthquakes
non-structural damage
seismic risk
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.11. Seismic risk 
Abstract: Historically, there is a tendency to focus on seismic structural performance of buildings, neglecting the potential for damage of non-structural elements. In particular, non-structural elements of buildings are their architectural parts (i.e. partitions, ceilings, cladding), electrical and mechanical components (i.e. distribution panels, piping, plumbing),andcontents(e.g.,furniture,bookcases,computersanddesktopequipment).Damageoftheseelements often contributes significantly to earthquake impacts. In the 1999 Izmit Earthquake, Turkey, 50% of the injuries and 3% of human losses were caused by non-structural failures. In the 2010-2011 Christchurch Earthquakes (New Zealand), 40% of building damage was induced by non-structural malfunctions. Around 70%-85% of construction cost goes into these elements, and their damage can strongly influence the ability of communities to copewithandrecoverfromearthquakes.TheprojectKnowyourcity,ReduceseISmicrisKthroughnon-structural elements (KnowRISK) aims at facilitating local communities’ access to expert knowledge on non-structural seismic protection solutions. The project will study seismic scenarios critical for non-structural damage, produce a portfolio of non-structural protection measures and investigate the level of awareness in specific communities. We will implement risk communication strategies that will take into account the social and cultural background and a participatory approach to raise awareness in local communities. The paradox between the progress of scientific knowledge and the ongoing increase of losses from natural disasters worldwide is a well-identified gap in the UN Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015, in which one of the main priorities is the investment on “knowledge use, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience”. The KnowRISK is well aligned with these priorities and will contribute to participatory action aimed at: i) transferring expert knowledge on seismic risk and non-structural protective solutions into practical knowledge and ii) communication tools designed to engage communities in disaster risk reduction.
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