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Authors: Gambino, S. 
Title: Tilt offset associated with local seismicity: the Mt. Etna January 9, 2001 seismic swarm
Issue Date: 12-Jun-2016
Series/Report no.: /8 (2016)
DOI: 10.1515/geo-2016-0045
Keywords: Seismic swarm; coseismic tilt; fault plane geometry; aseismic slip
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.06. Volcano monitoring 
Abstract: On the 9th of January 2001 a seismic swarm on the southeastern flank of Mt. Etna at 3.5 km beside sea level (b.s.l.), caused co-seismic variations on short and long baseline tiltmeters of the Mt. Etna permanent tilt network. Taking account of the geometry and mechanism of the active tectonic structure obtained by seismological studies, the theoretical tilt linked to the faulting source was calculated at multiple different recording stations. It was found that the amount of measured deformation exceeded that which was generated seismically, indicating that much of the deformation along the fault was aseismic. The 9 January 2001 episode represents a shear response to a local stress caused by a volcanic source that acted in the period preceding the 2001 eruption. Tilt data also suggest a marked slip of 70-140 cm along the fault, probably due to the presence of fluids.
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