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Authors: Langer, H.* 
Tusa, G.* 
Scarfì, L.* 
Azzaro, R.* 
Title: Ground-motion scenarios on Mt Etna inferred from empirical relations and synthetic simulations
Issue Date: Oct-2016
Series/Report no.: 7/14 (2016)
DOI: 10.1007/s10518-015-9823-1
Keywords: Mt Etna, volcano-tectonic seismicity, crustal earthquakes, synthetic simulation, ground motion scenarios, seismic risk
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.04. Ground motion 
Abstract: Ground motion scenarios for Mt. Etna are created using synthetic simulations with the program EXSIM. A large data set of weak motion records is exploited to identify important input parameters which govern the modeling of wave propagation effects, such as Q-values, high frequency cut-off and geometrical spreading. These parameters are used in the simulation of ground motion for earthquakes causing severe damage in the area. Two seismotectonic regimes are distinguished. Volcano-tectonic events, though being of limited magnitude (Mmax ca 5), cause strong ground shaking for their shallow foci. Being rather frequent, these events represent a considerable threat to cities and villages on the flanks of the volcano. A second regime is related to earthquakes with foci in the crust, at depths of 10-30 km, and magnitudes ranging from 6 to 7. In our synthetic scenarios, we chose two examples of volcano-tectonic events, i. e., the October 29, 2002, Bongiardo event (I=VIII) and the May 8, 1914, Linera earthquake (I=IX-X). A further scenario regards the February 20, 1818 event, considered representative for stronger earthquakes with foci in the crust. We were able to reproduce the essential features of the macroseismic field, in particular accounting for the possibility of strong site effects. We learned that stress drop estimated for weak motion events is probably too low to explain the intensity of ground motion during stronger earthquakes. This corresponds to findings reported in the literature claiming an increase of stress drop with earthquake size.
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