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Authors: Tuvè, T.* 
D'Amico, S.* 
Giampiccolo, E.* 
Title: A new MD-ML relationship for Mt. Etna earthquakes (Italy)
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Series/Report no.: /58 (2015)
DOI: 10.4401/ag-6830
Keywords: Mt. Etna, Duration magnitude, Local magnitude, General orthogonal regression
Subject Classification05. General::05.02. Data dissemination::05.02.02. Seismological data 
Abstract: A homogenous database of magnitude observations is a basic requirement for seismic hazard estimation and other seismic studies. Unfortunately, the magnitude reported in the seismic catalogue of Mt. Etna is not homogenous. Only the duration magnitude (MD) is available up to 2005, while since then the more stable local magnitude (ML) has also been calculated. To have a uniform dataset, earthquake data recorded at Mt. Etna during the period 2005-2014 were used to derive a new relationship between local and duration magnitude, by applying the General Orthogonal Regression (GOR), which is an alternative to least squares when the ratio between errors on the independent and the dependent variables can be estimated. The relationship obtained is: ML = 1.164 (±0.011) *MD − 0.337 (±0.020) The new relationship allows to back-extend the local magnitude dataset to cover a period of about 15 years
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