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Authors: Marotta, E.* 
Calvari, S.* 
Cristaldi, A.* 
D'Auria, L.* 
Di Vito, M. A.* 
Moretti, R.* 
Peluso, R.* 
Spampinato, L.* 
Boschi, E.* 
Title: Reactivation of Stromboli’s summit craters at the end of the 2007 effusive eruption detected by thermal surveys and seismicity
Journal: Journal of geophysical research - solid earth 
Series/Report no.: 11/120 (2015)
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Issue Date: 10-Oct-2015
DOI: 10.1002/2015JB012288
Keywords: Stromboli volcano
thermal imaging
multidisciplinary study
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.06. Volcano monitoring 
Abstract: This work arises from the field observations made during the civil protection emergency period connected to the 2007 Stromboli eruption. We observed changes in the shallow feeding system of the volcano to which we give a volcanological interpretation and the relative implications. Here we describe the processes that occurred in the upper feeding system from the end of the 2007 effusive eruption on 3 April to the renewal of the strombolian explosive activity at the summit craters (30 June), interpreted using multidisciplinary data. We used thermal camera data collected both from helicopter and from a fixed station at 400 m to retrieve the evolving summit crater activity. These data, compared with seismic signals and published geochemical records, allowed us to detail the shifting of the degassing activity within the crater terrace from NE to SW, occurred between 15 and 25 April 2007 prior to the resumption of the strombolian activity. In particular, from mid-April, a gradual SW displacement in the maximum apparent temperatures was recorded at the vents within the summit craters, together with a change in the very long period location and confirmed by variations in geochemical indicators (CO2∕SO2 plume ratios and CO2 fluxes) from literature. The shallow feeding system experienced a major readjustment after the end of the effusive activity, determining variations in the pressure leakage of the source, slowly deepening and shifting toward SW. All these data, together with the framework supplied by previous structural surveys, allowed us to propose that the compaction of debris accumulated in the uppermost conduit by inward crater collapses, occurred in early March, produced the observed anomalies. At Stromboli, major morphology changes, taking place in the following years, were anticipated by these small and apparently minor processes occurred in the upper feeding system. Other studies are relating similar changes to modifications of the eruptive activity also at other open-conduit volcanoes, so we believe that it may be important to have a constant monitoring of these phenomena in order to better understand their shallow feeding systems.
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