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Authors: Gaudiosi, I.*
Del Monaco, F.*
Milana, G.*
Tallini, M.*
Title: Site effects in the Aterno River Valley (L’Aquila, Italy): comparison between empirical and 2D numerical modelling starting from April 6th 2009 Mw 6.3 earthquake
Title of journal: Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering
Series/Report no.: 2/12(2014)
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Issue Date: 2014
DOI: 10.1007/s10518-013-9540-6
Keywords: Site effects ·
2D numerical modelling
Standard spectral ratio
Non-linear soil behaviour
Near-fault records
Abstract: In this paper, we focused our attention on a cross-section of the Aterno River Valley where a good quality geological and geophysical dataset allowed to reconstruct accurately the geometry and the Vs profiles along all the plane of the section. Its trace is deliberately aligned close to the strong motion stations that recorded the Mw 6.3 (April 6th 2009) L’Aquila earthquake. We analysed strong and weak motion data available at these latter stations as well as at one of the temporary stations installed during the Microzonation activities and located on outcropping bedrock, in proximity of the cross-section. We used the H/V technique to select a reliable reference site and once we found it, we applied the SSR technique to compute amplification functions in correspondence of two strong motion stations. In turn, for both sites we performed a site response numerical modelling with two different 2D codes and we compared simulated versus experimental transfer functions. We found that the cross-section is well constrained based on the very reasonable agreement between results of numerical modelling and earthquake data analysis. We pointed out also a strong amplification of the deposit at the centre of the valley due to the constructive interference of S and surface waves, not predictable by means of 1D numerical modelling. We also compared the H/V as well as the SSR obtained from strong motion data with the ones computed from weak motion finding evidences of non-linearity in soil behaviour.
Appears in Collections:04.06.11. Seismic risk
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