Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Authors: ||Villa, G.*|
Roberts, A. P.*
|Title: ||Middle Eocene to Late Oligocene Antarctic Glaciation/Deglaciation and Southern Ocean productivity|
|Title of journal: ||Paleoceanography|
|Series/Report no.: ||3/29 (2014)|
|Issue Date: ||2014|
|Keywords: ||Souther Ocean, Eocene-Oligocene|
|Abstract: ||During the Eocene-Oligocene transition, Earth cooled significantly from a greenhouse to an
icehouse climate. Nannofossil assemblages from Southern Ocean sites enable evaluation of paleoceanographic
changes and, hence, of the oceanic response to Antarctic ice sheet evolution during the Eocene and Oligocene.
A combination of environmental factors such as sea surface temperature and nutrient availability is recorded by
the nannofossil assemblages of and can be interpreted as responses to the following changes. A cooling trend,
started in the Middle Eocene, was interrupted by warming during the Middle Eocene Climatic optimum and by
short cooling episodes. The cooling episode at 39.6Ma preceded a shift toward an interval that was dominated
by oligotrophic nannofossil assemblages from ~39.1 to ~36.2Ma.We suggest that oligotrophic conditions were
associated with increased water mass stratification, low nutrient contents, and high efficiency of the oceanic
biological pump that, in turn, promoted sequestration of carbon from surface waters, which favored cooling.
After 36.2Ma, we document a large synchronous surface water productivity turnoverwith a dominant eutrophic
nannofossil assemblage that was accompanied by a pronounced increase in magnetotactic bacterial abundance.
This turnover reflects a response of coccolithophorids to changed nutrient inputs that was likely related to partial
deglaciation of a transient Antarctic ice sheet and/or to iron delivery to the sea surface. Eutrophic conditions were
maintained throughout the Oligocene, which was characterized by a nannofossil assemblage shift toward cool
conditions at the Eocene-Oligocene transition. Finally, a warm nannofossil assemblage in the Late Oligocene
indicates a warming phase.|
|Appears in Collections:||04.04.08. Sediments: dating, processes, transport|
04.05.07. Rock magnetism
Papers Published / Papers in press
Files in This Item:
|Villa_paleoceanography.pdf||main article||2.37 MB||Adobe PDF||only authorized users
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.