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Authors: Pappalardo, L.*
D'Auria, L.*
Cavallo, A.*
Fiore, S.*
Title: Petrological and seismic precursors of the paroxysmal phase of the last Vesuvius eruption on March 1944
Title of journal: Scientific Reports
Series/Report no.: /4 (2014)
Publisher: Nature Publishing Groups
Issue Date: 9-Sep-2014
DOI: 10.1038/srep06297
Keywords: Vesuvius
petrological precursors
seismological precursors
Abstract: Abrupt transitions in style and intensity are common during volcanic eruptions, with an immediate impact on the surrounding territory and its population. Defining the factors trigger such sudden shifts in the eruptive behavior as well as developing methods to predict such changes during volcanic crises are crucial goals in volcanology. In our research, the combined investigation of both petrological and seismic indicators has been applied for the first time to a Vesuvius eruption, that of March 1944 that caused the present dormant state of the volcano. Our results contribute to elucidate the evolution of the conduit dynamics that generated a drastic increase in the Volcanic Explosivity Index, associated to the ejection of huge amount of volcanic ash. Remarkably, our study shows that the main paroxysm was announced by robust changes in petrology consistent with seismology, thus suggesting that the development of monitoring methods to assess the nature of ejected juvenile material combined with conventional geophysical techniques can represent a powerful tool for forecasting the evolution of an eruption towards violent behavior. This in turn is a major goal in volcanology because this evidence can help decision-makers to implement an efficient safety strategy during the emergency (scale and pace of evacuation).
Appears in Collections:04.08.07. Instruments and techniques
05.02.01. Geochemical data
04.08.03. Magmas
04.06.08. Volcano seismology
04.08.06. Volcano monitoring
04.08.05. Volcanic rocks
05.02.02. Seismological data
04.06.05. Historical seismology
Papers Published / Papers in press

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2014_Pappalardo_suppl.pdfSupplementary material28.19 MBAdobe PDFonly authorized users View/Open
2014_Pappalardo.pdfMain article8.16 MBAdobe PDFonly authorized users View/Open

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