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Authors: De Michelis, P.*
Consolini, G.*
Title: On the local Hurst exponent of geomagnetic field fluctuations: spatial distribution for different geomgnetic activity levels
Title of journal: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Series/Report no.: /120 (2015)
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Issue Date: 2015
DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020685
Keywords: Scaling features of geomagnetic spatiotemporal fluctuations at Earth's surface
Change of the geomagnetic fluctuation scaling properties with activity level
Abstract: This study attempts to characterize the spatial distribution of the scaling features of the short time scale magnetic field fluctuations obtained from 45 ground based geomagnetic observatories distributed in the northern hemisphere. We investigate the changes of the scaling properties of the geomagnetic field fluctuations by evaluating the local Hurst exponent and reconstruct maps of this index as a function of the geomagnetic activity level. These maps permit us to localize the different latitudinal structures responsible for disturbances and related to the ionospheric current systems. We find that the geomagnetic field fluctuations associated with the different ionospheric current systems have different scaling features, which can be evidenced by the local Hurst exponent. We also find that, in general, the local Hurst exponent for quiet magnetospheric periods is higher than that for more active periods suggesting that the dynamical processes that are activated during disturbed times are responsible for changes in the nature of the geomagnetic field fluctuations.
Appears in Collections:05.07.01. Solar-terrestrial interaction
Papers Published / Papers in press

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