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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/9307

Authors: De Astis, G.*
Lucchi, F.*
Dellino, P.*
La Volpe, L.*
Tranne, C.*
Frezzotti, M. L.*
Peccerillo, A.*
Title: Geology, volcanic history and petrology of Vulcano (central Aeolian archipelago)
Title of journal: Geological Society, London, Memoirs
Series/Report no.: /37 (2013)
Publisher: Geological Society Publishing House
Issue Date: 2013
DOI: 10.1144/M37.11
Keywords: volcanic history, stratigraphy, mapping, geochemistry, volcanic hazard
Abstract: Vulcano is an active NW–SE-elongated composite volcano located in the central Aeolian archipelago. Based on available radiometric ages and tephrochronology, the exposed volcanism started at c. 127 ka and spread through eight Eruptive Epochs separated by volcano-tectonic events and major quiescent stages. Various eruptive centres and two intersecting multi-stage calderas resulted from such evolution. Vulcano geological history displays several changes of eruption magnitude, eruption styles and composition of magmas through time. Vulcano rocks range from basalt to rhyolite and show variable alkali contents, roughly increasing during time. Magmas with low to intermediate SiO2 contents and high-K to shoshonite affinity prevail in the early Epochs 1–5 (c. 127–28 ka), whereas intermediate to high-SiO2 shoshonite and potassic alkaline products dominate the last three Epochs (<30 ka). This sharp increase in silicic products is related to the shallowing of the plumbing system and resulting major role of the differentiation processes in shallow level reservoirs. Radiogenic isotope compositions are variable (87Sr/86Sr = 0.70424–0.70587, 143Nd/144Nd = 0.51254–0.51276, 206Pb/204Pb = 19.305–19.759, 207Pb/204Pb = 15.659–15.752, 208Pb/204Pb = 39.208–39.559) as a result of both source heterogeneities and shallow-level interaction of magmas with continental crust. The compositional variations of mafic magmatism with time suggest that the source zone changed from a metasomatized, fertile, ocean island basalt- (OIB-) like mantle to a metasomatized depleted lithospheric mantle.
Appears in Collections:04.08.05. Volcanic rocks
Papers Published / Papers in press

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