Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/9175
AuthorsBonardi, Maurizio 
Tosi, Luigi 
TitleEffects of Late Quaternary climatic changes on an exposed clay layer in the Lagoon of Venice (Italy)
Issue Date1994
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/9175
KeywordsCaranto
Venice
Pleistocene
Paleosoil
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.05. Mineralogy and petrology 
AbstractWell-dated evidences of different nature, from stratigraphy, sea level and coastline changes to pollen and paleobotanical findings, have indicated climatic in Venetian basin during the transition from the Late Pleistocene to the Holocene. The sedimentation or lack of it during that period, carries the imprint of those changes. Within this sedimentation sequence is a series of compacted clay layers, locally called caranto, from few centimeters to few meters thick, that is the subject of this study. These clay layers represent the last continental, lacustrine-fluviatile, sedimentation during the Late Pleistocene. They carry the marks of climate changes that characterized the last phase of the Pleistocene and the early part of the Holocene. This cold and dry to very dry climate of the Pleistocene Würm glacial period, about 20,000 years B.P, characterized the last continental sedimentation. A period of emergence of about 11,000 years (from 18,000 to 7,000 years B.P.) characterized the final phase of the Pleistocene, with almost no sedimentation. During this time the climate improved and the carbonate muds were drained, desiccated, compacted and oxidized to form the overconsolidated clay level representative of the Holocene/Pleistocene limit. While the climate improved the sea level began to rise over the northern Adriatic paleoplan (Flandrian transgression), and the coastline moved northwards its present position. The intense fluvial activity at first and the marine one later, partly eroded and reworked the hard clay layers leaving deep scars in the morphology. This study gives the result of physical, chemical, textural and geotechnical investigations of the layer that is considered as the Pleistocene/Holocene limit.
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