Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/9111
AuthorsCampuzano, S. A.* 
Pavón-Carrasco, F. J.* 
Osete, M. L.* 
TitleNon-Dipole and Regional Effects on the Geomagnetic Dipole Moment Estimation
Issue Date2015
Series/Report no./172 (2015)
DOI10.1007/s00024-014-0919-3
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/9111
Keywordsgeomagnetism
paleomagnetism
archeomagnetism
geomagnetic dipole moment
geomagnetic field modelling
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.05. Geomagnetism::04.05.02. Geomagnetic field variations and reversals 
04. Solid Earth::04.05. Geomagnetism::04.05.03. Global and regional models 
04. Solid Earth::04.05. Geomagnetism::04.05.05. Main geomagnetic field 
04. Solid Earth::04.05. Geomagnetism::04.05.06. Paleomagnetism 
AbstractThe study of the temporal evolution of the dipole moment variations is a forefront research topic in Earth sciences. It constrains geodynamo simulations and is used to correct cosmogenic isotope production, which is evidence of past solar activity, and it is used to study possible correlations between the geomagnetic field and the climate. In this work, we have analysed the main error sources in the geomagnetic dipole moment computation from palaeomagnetic data: the influence of the non-dipole terms in the average approach, the inhomogeneous distribution of the current palaeomagnetic database, and the averaging procedure used to obtain the evolution of the dipole moment. To evaluate and quantify these effects, we have used synthetic data from a global model based on instrumental and satellite data, the International Geomagnetic Reference Field: 11th generation. Results indicate that the non-dipole terms contribute on a global scale of <6% in the averaged dipole moment, whereas the regional non-dipole contribution can show deviations of up to 35 % in some regions such as Oceania, and different temporal trends with respect to the global dipole moment evolution in other ones, such as Europe and Asia. A regional weighting scheme seems the best option to mitigate these effects in the dipole moment average approach. But when directional and intensity palaeomagnetic information is available on a global scale, and in spite of the inhomogeneity of the database, global modelling presents more reliable values of the geomagnetic dipole moment.
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