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AuthorsRomano, F.* 
Piatanesi, A.* 
Lorito, S.* 
D'Agostino, N.* 
Hirata, K.* 
Atzori, S.* 
Yamazaki, Y.* 
Cocco, M.* 
TitleClues from joint inversion of tsunami and geodetic data of the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake
Issue Date27-Apr-2012
Series/Report no./2 (2012)
Inverse problem
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.03. Earthquake source and dynamics 
04. Solid Earth::04.07. Tectonophysics::04.07.06. Subduction related processes 
AbstractThe 2011 Tohoku-oki (Mw 9.1) earthquake is so far the best-observed megathrust rupture, which allowed the collection of unprecedented offshore data. The joint inversion of tsunami waveforms (DART buoys, bottom pressure sensors, coastal wave gauges, and GPS-buoys) and static geodetic data (onshore GPS, seafloor displacements obtained by a GPS/acoustic combination technique), allows us to retrieve the slip distribution on a non-planar fault. We show that the inclusion of near-source data is necessary to image the details of slip pattern (maximum slip ,48 m, up to ,35 m close to the Japan trench), which generated the large and shallow seafloor coseismic deformations and the devastating inundation of the Japanese coast. We investigate the relation between the spatial distribution of previously inferred interseismic coupling and coseismic slip and we highlight the importance of seafloor geodetic measurements to constrain the interseismic coupling, which is one of the key-elements for long-term earthquake and tsunami hazard assessment.
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