Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/8573
AuthorsJakowski, N.* 
Béniguel, Y.* 
De Franceschi, G.* 
Pajares, M. H.* 
Jacobsen, K. S.* 
Stanislawska, I.* 
Tomasik, L.* 
Warnant, R.* 
Wautelet, G.* 
TitleMonitoring, tracking and forecasting ionospheric perturbations using GNSS techniques
Issue Date20-Dec-2012
Series/Report no./ 2 (2012)
DOI10.1051/swsc/2012022
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/8573
Keywordsionosphere
space weather
total electron content
disturbances
positioning system
Subject Classification01. Atmosphere::01.02. Ionosphere::01.02.03. Forecasts 
01. Atmosphere::01.02. Ionosphere::01.02.06. Instruments and techniques 
01. Atmosphere::01.02. Ionosphere::01.02.07. Scintillations 
AbstractThe paper reviews the current state of GNSS-based detection, monitoring and forecasting of ionospheric perturbations in Europe in relation to the COST action ES0803 ‘‘Developing Space Weather Products and Services in Europe’’. Space weather research and related ionospheric studies require broad international collaboration in sharing databases, developing analysis software and models and providing services. Reviewed is the European GNSS data basis including ionospheric services providing derived data products such as the Total Electron Content (TEC) and radio scintillation indices. Fundamental ionospheric perturbation phenomena covering quite different scales in time and space are discussed in the light of recent achievements in GNSS-based ionospheric monitoring. Thus, large-scale perturbation processes characterized by moving ionization fronts, wave-like travelling ionospheric disturbances and finally small-scale irregularities causing radio scintillations are considered. Whereas ground and space-based GNSS monitoring techniques are well developed, forecasting of ionospheric perturbations needs much more work to become attractive for users who might be interested in condensed information on the perturbation degree of the ionosphere by robust indices. Finally, we have briefly presented a few samples illustrating the space weather impact on GNSS applications thus encouraging the scientific community to enhance space weather research in upcoming years.
Appears in Collections:Papers Published / Papers in press

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