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Authors: Walter, F.*
Olivieri, M.*
Clinton, J.*
Title: Calving
Title of journal: Journal of Glaciology
Series/Report no.: /59 (2013)
Publisher: International Glaciological Society
Issue Date: 2013
DOI: 10.3189/2013JoG12J118
Keywords: icequakes
calving icebergs
Abstract: With mass loss from the Greenland ice sheet accelerating and spreading to higher latitudes, the quantification of mass discharge in the form of icebergs has recently received much scientific attention. Here, we make use of very low frequency (0.001-0.01 Hz) seismic data from three permanent broadband stations installed in the summers of 2009/2010 in northwest Greenland in order to monitor local calving activity. At these frequencies, calving seismograms are dominated by a tilt signal produced by local ground flexure in response to fjord seiching generated by major iceberg calving events. A simple triggering algorithm is proposed to detect calving events from large calving fronts with potentially no user interaction. Our calving catalogue identifies spatial and temporal differences in calving activity between Jakobshavn Isbræ and glaciers in the Uummannaq district some 200 km further north. The Uummannaq glaciers show clear seasonal fluctuations in seiche-based calving detections as well as seiche amplitudes. In contrast, the detections at Jakobshavn Isbræ show little seasonal variation, which may be evidence for an ongoing transition into winter calving activity. The results offer further evidence that seismometers can provide efficient and inexpensive monitoring of calving fronts.
Appears in Collections:02.02.10. Instruments and techniques
02.02.07. Ocean/ice interaction
04.02.06. Seismic methods
04.06.06. Surveys, measurements, and monitoring
Papers Published / Papers in press

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