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|Authors: ||Pinardi, N.|
Milliff, R. F.
Wikle, C. K.
Berliner, L. M.
|Title: ||Ocean ensemble forecasting. Part II: Mediterranean Forecast System response|
|Title of journal: ||Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society|
|Series/Report no.: ||/137 (2011)|
|Issue Date: ||2011|
|Keywords: ||forecast uncertainty|
|Abstract: ||This article analyzes the ocean forecast response to surface vector wind (SVW)
distributions generated by a Bayesian hierarchical model (BHM) developed in Part
I of this series. A new method for ocean ensemble forecasting (OEF), the socalled
BHM-SVW-OEF, is described. BHM-SVW realizations are used to produce
and force perturbations in the ocean state during 14 day analysis and 10 day
forecast cycles of the Mediterranean Forecast System (MFS). The BHM-SVW-OEF
ocean response spread is amplified at the mesoscales and in the pycnocline of
the eddy field. The new method is compared with an ensemble response forced
by European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) ensemble
prediction system (EEPS) surface winds, and with an ensemble forecast started from
perturbed initial conditions derived froman ad hoc thermocline intensified random
perturbation (TIRP) method. The EEPS-OEF shows spread on basin scales while the
TIRP-OEF response is mesoscale-intensified as in the BHM-SVW-OEF response.
TIRP-OEF perturbations fill more of the MFS domain, while the BHM-SVW-OEF
perturbations are more location-specific, concentrating ensemble spread at the sites
where the ocean-model response to uncertainty in the surface wind forcing is largest.|
|Appears in Collections:||03.01.03. Global climate models|
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