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Authors: Tamburello, G.*
Kantzas, E. P.*
McGonigle, A. J. S.*
Aiuppa, A.*
Giudice, G.*
Title: UV camera measurements of fumarole field degassing (La Fossa crater, Vulcano Island)
Title of journal: Journal of volcanology and geothermal research
Series/Report no.: 1-2/199(2011)
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
Issue Date: 2011
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.10.004
Keywords: UV camera
Abstract: The UV camera is becoming an important new tool in the armory of volcano geochemists to derive high time resolution SO2 flux measurements. Furthermore, the high camera spatial resolution is particularly useful for exploring multiple-source SO2 gas emissions, for instance the composite fumarolic systems topping most quiescent volcanoes. Here, we report on the first SO2 flux measurements from individual fumaroles of the fumarolic field of La Fossa crater (Vulcano Island, Aeolian Island), which we performed using a UV camera in two field campaigns: in November 12, 2009 and February 4, 2010. We derived ~ 0.5 Hz SO2 flux time-series finding fluxes from individual fumaroles, ranging from 2 to 8.7 t d−1, with a total emission from the entire system of ~ 20 t d−1 and ~ 13 t d−1, in November 2009 and February 2010 respectively. These data were augmented with molar H2S/SO2, CO2/SO2 and H2O/SO2 ratios, measured using a portable MultiGAS analyzer, for the individual fumaroles. Using the SO2 flux data in tandem with the molar ratios, we calculated the flux of volcanic species from individual fumaroles, and the crater as a whole: CO2 (684 t d−1 and 293 t d−1), H2S (8 t d−1 and 7.5 t d−1) and H2O (580 t d−1 and 225 t d−1).
Appears in Collections:04.08.07. Instruments and techniques
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