Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/7687
AuthorsSchivardi, R.* 
Morelli, A.* 
TitleEPmantle: a three-dimensional transversely isotropic model of the upper mantle under the European Plate
Issue Date2011
Series/Report no.1/185 (2011)
DOI10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.04953.x
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/7687
KeywordsSurface waves and free oscillations
seismic tomography
Europe.
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.07. Tomography and anisotropy 
AbstractWe present a new 3-D transversely isotropic shear wave velocity model of the European and Mediter ranean upper mantle obtained by analysis of surface waves. Data used are fundamental- mode Rayleigh and Love group velocity measurements in the period range 35–170 s, taken on seismograms recorded by European stations for regional earthquakes. The tomographic inversion to map the 3-D earth structure is split into two steps. First, we regionalize the group velocity dispersion measurements, obtaining distinct geographical group velocity maps at different periods; then, each local dispersion curve is inverted separately to find the shear wave velocity structure at depth. The inversion benefits from using a priori information from a 3-D global mantle model (S20RTS) and a new detailed European crustal model (EPcrust) to constrain the shallower layers. The inversion scheme follows a non-linear iterative algorithm by which Rayleigh and Love group slowness are inverted simultaneously for the best-fitting isotropic Voigt shear wave speed and radial anisotropy parameter. Final merging of the vS profiles results in a new higher resolution 3-D model of European upper mantle. We find that Western Europe and Mediter ranean Sea are mainly characterized by relatively low velocities, strongly contrasting with the fast roots of the Eastern European Craton. Many regional scale structures are also evident in the model, thus providing insights into the complex geodynamic framework of the European continent. Most prominent are the low-velocity West Mediter ranean spreading basins and European Cenozoic rift system, and seismically fast features connected to subduction of Adria microplate, Hellenic Arc and Calabrian Arc. Radial anisotropy does not vary very significantly with respect to the PREM profile, as available data only resolve lateral variations to a limited degree due to trade-off with velocity. EPmantle has the potential to provide a reliable seismological reference for the upper-mantle structure in the broad European region.
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