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Authors: Rongo, R.*
Avolio, M. A.*
Behncke, B.*
D'Ambrosio, D.*
Di Gregorio, S.*
Lupiano, V.*
Neri, M.*
Spataro, W.*
Crisci, G. M.*
Title: Defining high-detail hazard maps by a cellular automata approach: application to Mount Etna (Italy)
Title of journal: Annals of Geophysics
Series/Report no.: 5/54(2011)
Publisher: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia
Issue Date: Dec-2011
DOI: 10.4401/ag-5340
Keywords: volcanic risk
cellular automata
Algorithms and implementation
Statistical analysis
Data processing
Abstract: The individuation of areas that are more likely to be affected by new events in volcanic regions is of fundamental relevance for the mitigation of the possible consequences, both in terms of loss of human life and material properties. Here, we describe a methodology for defining flexible high-detail lava-hazard maps and a technique for the validation of the results obtained. The methodology relies on: (i) an accurate analysis of the past behavior of the volcano; (ii) a new version of the SCIARA model for lava-flow simulation (based on the macroscopic cellular automata paradigm); and (iii) high-performance parallel computing for increasing computational efficiency. The new release of the SCIARA model introduces a Bingham-like rheology as part of the minimization algorithm of the differences for the determination of outflows from a generic cell, and an improved approach to lava cooling. The method is here applied to Mount Etna, the most active volcano in Europe, and applications to landuse planning and hazard mitigation are presented.
Appears in Collections:04.01.99. General or miscellaneous
04.04.99. General or miscellaneous
04.08.99. General or miscellaneous
04.08.03. Magmas
04.08.06. Volcano monitoring
04.08.07. Instruments and techniques
04.08.08. Volcanic risk
05.01.99. General or miscellaneous
05.01.01. Data processing
05.01.02. Cellular automata, fuzzy logic, genetic alghoritms, neural networks
05.01.04. Statistical analysis
05.02.99. General or miscellaneous
05.02.03. Volcanic eruptions
05.08.99. General or miscellaneous
Papers Published / Papers in press

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