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`http://hdl.handle.net/2122/704`

Authors: | Lombardi, A. M. |

Title: | Probabilistic interpretationof «Bath's Law» |

Issue Date: | 2002 |

Series/Report no.: | 45 (3-4) |

URI: | http://hdl.handle.net/2122/704 |

Keywords: | magnitude distribution cluster size b-value order statistics |

Subject Classification: | 04. Solid Earth::04.05. Geomagnetism::04.05.08. Instruments and techniques 05. General::05.05. Mathematical geophysics::05.05.99. General or miscellaneous |

Abstract: | Assuming that, in a catalog, all the earthquakes with magnitude larger than or equal to a cutoff magnitude M c follow the Gutenberg-Richter Law, the compatibility of this hypothesis with «Bath’s Law» is examined. Consi-dering the mainshock M 0 and the largest aftershock M 1 of a sequence respectively as the first and the second largest order statistic of a sample of independent and identically distributed exponential random variables, the distribution of M 0 , M 1 and of their difference D 1 is evaluated. In particular, it is analyzed as the distribution of D 1 changes when only the sequences with the magnitude of the mainshock above a second threshold M c*•M c are considered. It results that the distributions of M 0 , M 1 and D 1 depend on the difference M c*•M c and on the number of events in the sequence. Moreover, the expected value of D 1 increases with increasing of M c*•M c for every value of N. Then it is shown that «Bath’s Law» could be ascribed to selection of data caused by the two thresholds M c and M c* and that it has a qualitative agreement with the model proposed. Key words Assuming that, in a catalog, all the earthquakes with magnitude larger than or equal to a cutoff magnitude M c follow the Gutenberg-Richter Law, the compatibility of this hypothesis with «Bath’s Law» is examined. Consi-dering the mainshock M 0 and the largest aftershock M 1 of a sequence respectively as the first and the second largest order statistic of a sample of independent and identically distributed exponential random variables, the distribution of M 0 , M 1 and of their difference D 1 is evaluated. In particular, it is analyzed as the distribution of D 1 changes when only the sequences with the magnitude of the mainshock above a second threshold M c*•M c are considered. It results that the distributions of M 0 , M 1 and D 1 depend on the difference M c*•M c and on the number of events in the sequence. Moreover, the expected value of D 1 increases with increasing of M c*•M c for every value of N. Then it is shown that «Bath’s Law» could be ascribed to selection of data caused by the two thresholds M c and M c* and that it has a qualitative agreement with the model propose. |

Appears in Collections: | Annals of Geophysics |

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