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|Authors: ||Cardellini, C.*|
|Title: ||The development of a new database of gas emissions in Italy: a collaborative web environment for collecting and publishing data on natural gas emissions.|
|Issue Date: ||17-Dec-2010|
|Keywords: ||gas emissions|
|Abstract: ||In spite of the large extension of the Earth degassing process and of the correlations with
geodynamic processes and large scale geochemical processes, the Earth degassing process
in the world is still poorly known. Beside the scientific interest on studying gas emissions, a
better knowledge of the degassing process is crucial for mitigate gas hazard correlated to the
release of dangerous gases (e.g., CO2, H2S) from natural emissions, that, like in Italy, caused
many lethal accidents to animals and humans.
After years of data collection organized on a base of a single research group, institution, or
project, there is clearly a need for common frameworks that allow to aggregate data in order to
observe the phenomena at various scale. The development of Googas in 2007 (Chiodini et al.,
2008), funded by the Italian Civil Defence and focused on the serialization of data and the
publication of a web map of gas emissions, was the first attempt to create a collaborative
database on gas emissions. Googas, that represented an important advance in the knowledge of
the phenomenon at the national scale, is however a static representation of the results of the
Starting from the Googas experience, we are now extending the capabilities of Googas on the
user side, developing a new web environment for collecting and publishing data of gas natural
emissions dynamically. The collaborative environment allows researchers from different
institutions to collect data in the most seamless way, and data to be published directly from
within the same system.
The web interface allows to insert data interactively into a spatially referred relational database
management system. Moreover, researchers are aware of the activity of the others and can
access data, leave comments as soon as data is being inserted. This new system aims to
excite, inspire, and encourage participation among researchers.
As gas emissions are inherently referred to geographic locations, published digital data will be
available in several formats, including the ones conformant to Open Gis Consortium (OGC)
standards, for an easy access by using Geographical Information Systems (GIS).
The publication of data on the website will be ruled by a licensing system that facilitates and
encourages the scientific method processes. The license will allow to use and distribute the
data, to produce works from the data and to build up new data from it, as long as these rules are
maintained and the attribution to the original work is being referred. In this way, the efforts to
publish the data are balanced by the guarantees that the data's access will remain open.
This new database of Italian gas emissions is an interesting environment where researchers can
insert data in a common interface asynchronously and the results are immediately tangible. The
development of this project is undergoing and researchers and developers interact closely,
introducing and testing new features during the development phase.
We believe that the development of this new environment represent a starting point towards the
foundation of a collaborative database of gas emissions at global scale.|
|Appears in Collections:||Conference materials|
04.04.12. Fluid Geochemistry
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