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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/6673

Authors: Del Gaudio, C.*
Aquino, I.*
Ricciardi, G. P.*
Ricco, C.*
Scandone, R.*
Title: Unrest episodes at Campi Flegrei: A reconstruction of vertical ground movements during 1905–2009
Title of journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Series/Report no.: /195 (2010)
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: Jun-2010
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.05.014
Keywords: Campi Flegrei
deformation
unrest
precursor
Abstract: Geodetic observations at Campi Flegrei caldera were initiated in 1905. Historical observations and the few measurements made before 1970 suggested a deflationary trend. Since 1969, the ground started to inflate during two major uplift episodes in 1969–72 and 1982–1985. We collected and reanalyzed all available punctual observations of vertical ground displacement taken in the period 1905–2009with special attention to the period before 1969, to reconstruct in greater detail the deformation history of the caldera. We make use of the many photographs of the sea level in a roman ruin (the Serapeum Market) taken during the period between 1905 and 1969 to infer with more accuracy its relative height with respect to the sea level. We identify a previously disregarded major episode of ground uplift occurred between 1950 and 1952 with a maximum uplift of about 73 cm. This finding suggests that Campi Flegrei is currently experiencing a prolonged period of unrest longer than previously thought. The higher seismicity associated with the later episodes of unrest suggests that the volcano has approached an instability threshold, which may eventually result in a volcanic eruption.
Appears in Collections:04.03.06. Measurements and monitoring
Papers Published / Papers in press

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