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AuthorsDel Gaudio, C.* 
Aquino, I.* 
Ricciardi, G. P.* 
Ricco, C.* 
Scandone, R.* 
TitleUnrest episodes at Campi Flegrei: A reconstruction of vertical ground movements during 1905–2009
Issue DateJun-2010
Series/Report no./195 (2010)
KeywordsCampi Flegrei
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.03. Geodesy::04.03.06. Measurements and monitoring 
AbstractGeodetic observations at Campi Flegrei caldera were initiated in 1905. Historical observations and the few measurements made before 1970 suggested a deflationary trend. Since 1969, the ground started to inflate during two major uplift episodes in 1969–72 and 1982–1985. We collected and reanalyzed all available punctual observations of vertical ground displacement taken in the period 1905–2009with special attention to the period before 1969, to reconstruct in greater detail the deformation history of the caldera. We make use of the many photographs of the sea level in a roman ruin (the Serapeum Market) taken during the period between 1905 and 1969 to infer with more accuracy its relative height with respect to the sea level. We identify a previously disregarded major episode of ground uplift occurred between 1950 and 1952 with a maximum uplift of about 73 cm. This finding suggests that Campi Flegrei is currently experiencing a prolonged period of unrest longer than previously thought. The higher seismicity associated with the later episodes of unrest suggests that the volcano has approached an instability threshold, which may eventually result in a volcanic eruption.
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