Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/6598
AuthorsVillani, F.* 
Pierdominici, S.* 
TitleLate Quaternary tectonics of the Vallo di Diano basin (southern Apennines, Italy)
Issue DateNov-2010
Series/Report no.23-24/29(2010)
DOI10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.07.003
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/6598
Keywordsfault scarp
relay ramp
alluvial fan
Southern Apennines
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.07. Tectonophysics::04.07.07. Tectonics 
AbstractWe discuss new data concerning the late Quaternary tectonics of the Vallo di Diano basin, the largest intramontane depression in the southern Apennines chain (Italy). The southern Apennines axis is currently subject to NEeSW extension. Here, active NW-trending normal faults are associated with strong earthquakes (M > 6), with average recurrence times >1 ka. The Vallo di Diano basin is a half-graben bounded by an extensional fault system VDFS (Vallo di Diano Fault System), featuring three major NW-trending, SW-dipping, w15e17 km long fault segments. Holocene faulting and possible historical seismicity have been documented only for the northern fault segment. No major historical earthquakes can be associated with the other fault segments, and the recent sedimentary and structural evolution of the basin is still poorly constrained. As a consequence, its seismogenetic potential has probably been underestimated. We found evidence of late PleistoceneeHolocene faulting in the relay zone of the central and southern fault segments bordering the basin. Here, late Pleistocene volcaniclastic layers at the apex of an alluvial fan are affected by normal displacements on the order of w1 m. Additionally, in the same area we recognized a previously unreported, 9 km long and 0.5e1.4 km wide set of scarplets (ranging in height between w1 m and 2.5 m) affecting late Pleistoceneelate Holocene alluvial fans. The last deformation is younger than 3 ka BP. Due to the geometric arrangement of these scarplets and the long-term displacement along the Vallo di Diano Fault System, we hypothesize that the central and southern fault segments belong to a w32 km long hard-linked system, capable of generating Mw > 6.5 earthquakes. The Vallo di Diano basin is thus bounded to the east for its entire length (w45 km) by an active segmented extensional fault system. Therefore it has to be considered one of the major seismogenic sources in southern Italy.
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