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Authors: Della Ventura, G.*
Bellatreccia, F.*
Marcelli, A.*
Cestelli Guidi, M.*
Piccinnini, M.*
Cavallo, A.*
Piochi, M.*
Title: Application of micro-FTIR imaging in the Earth sciences
Title of journal: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Series/Report no.: 6/397 (2010)
Issue Date: 2010
DOI: 10.1007/s00216-010-3811-8
Keywords: FTIR spectroscopy
Geological materials
Abstract: In this paper we describe recent applications of micro-infrared imaging in the Earth sciences. We address, in particular, the use of Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in characterizing the zoning and speciation of H and C in a variety of geological materials, including microporous minerals, nominally anhydrous volcanic minerals (NAMs), and crystal inclusions. These investigations show that use of the modern techniques of FTIR imaging enables detection of the zoning of volatile species across the studied samples, and possible configuration changes of structurally-bound carbon molecular species (e.g., CO2 vs CO3) during crystal growth. Such features, which are not accessible with other micro-analytical techniques, may provide information about the physicochemical properties which act as constraints in the genesis of the samples, and important information about the evolution of the geological system. Tests performed with focal-plane-array detectors (FPA) show that resolution close to the diffraction limit can be achieved if the amounts of the target molecules in the sample are substantially different. We also point out the possibility of using FTIR imaging for investigations under non-ambient conditions.
Appears in Collections:04.04.07. Rock geochemistry
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