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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/6489

Authors: Calvari, S.*
Spampinato, L.*
Bonaccorso, A.*
Oppenheimer, C.
Rivalta, E.
Boschi, E.*
Title: Lava effusion – a slow fuse for paroxysms at Stromboli volcano?
Title of journal: Earth Planetary Science Letters
Series/Report no.: /301 (2010)
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 3-Jan-2011
DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2010.11.015
URL: http://www.earth-prints.org/handle/2122/6289
Keywords: Stromboli volcano
effusive eruptions
Abstract: The 2007 effusive eruption of Stromboli followed a similar pattern to the previous 2002-3 episode. In both cases, magma ascent led to breaching of the uppermost part of the conduit forming an eruptive fissure that discharged lava down the Sciara del Fuoco depression. Both eruptions also displayed a ‟paroxysmal„ explosive event during lava flow output. From daily effusion rate measurements retrieved from helicopter- and satellite-based infrared imaging, we deduce that the cumulative volume of lava erupted before each of the two paroxysms was similar. Based on this finding, we propose a conceptual model to explain why both paroxysms occurred after this „threshold‟ cumulative volume of magma was erupted. The gradual decompression of the deep plumbing system induced by magma withdrawal and eruption, drew deeper volatile-rich magma into the conduit, leading to the paroxysms. The proposed model might provide a basis for forecasting paroxysmal explosions during future effusive eruptions of Stromboli.
Description: Questo lavoro ha analizzato i risultati del monitoraggio termico delle eruzioni di Stromboli del 2002-2003 e 2007, ed ha mostrato come prima di ogni parossisma il volume di lava eruttato nel corso dell’attività effusiva sia stato confrontabile. Questa osservazione ha fatto ipotizzare l’esistenza di una decompressione critica nel sistema di alimentazione superficiale del vulcano, raggiungibile anche lentamente, che innesca la veloce risalita del magma ricco in gas, responsabile dei parossismi. Durante l’attività effusiva, a questa decompressione critica è associabile una soglia di volume di magma emesso, che diventa la misura discriminante per valutare la fase critica del vulcano e predire il parossisma.
Appears in Collections:04.08.06. Volcano monitoring
Papers Published / Papers in press

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